A background of chinese language technological know-how and expertise (Volumes 1, 2 & three) provides forty four person lectures, starting with old chinese language technological know-how and know-how within the technique of Human Civilizations and an summary of chinese language technology and know-how, and carrying on with with in-depth discussions of a number of matters within the historical past of technology and the Needham Puzzle, interspersed with themes on Astronomy, mathematics, Agriculture and drugs, The 4 nice innovations, and numerous technological components heavily relating to garments, foodstuff, take care of and transportation.
This ebook is the main authoritative paintings at the historical past of chinese language technological know-how and know-how. it's the Winner of the China e-book Award, the Shanghai e-book Award (1st prize), and the Classical China foreign Publishing undertaking (GAPP, basic management of Press and e-book of China) and gives an important source for tutorial researchers and non-experts alike.
It originated with a chain of forty four lectures offered to most sensible chinese language leaders, which acquired very optimistic suggestions. Written by way of best chinese language students of their respective fields from the Institute for the historical past of common Sciences, chinese language Academy of Sciences and plenty of different revered chinese language companies, the ebook is meant for scientists, researchers and postgraduate scholars operating within the background of technology, philosophy of technology and know-how, and comparable disciplines. Yongxiang Lu is a professor, former president and member of the chinese language Academy of Sciences (CAS) and chinese language Academy of Engineering (CAE), and vp of the nationwide Congress of China.
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Extra resources for A History of Chinese Science and Technology, Volume 1
The Oghuz then turned against the Saljuq forces, defeated them lwice and even captured Sanjar and his commanders. Reduced to a puppet ruler in an iron cage, Sanjar watched the Oghuz plunder Khurasan, while his kingdom was torn IJpart between his vassals and commanders. Sanjar's successors, the feeble Sulayman Shah and the Qarakhanid Mahmfid, the former Khan of Sarnarqand, could not face the Oghuz alone, and the coalition Mahmud tried to form with the Khwarazm Shah ;\Is't'z did not materialize in time.
However, the Qura Khitai sense of hOllor was al least as strong as the Jurchcns' a fact that hindered the agreement. lin messenger the Gilrkhan in 1146. 14 Ihe empress W,IS bunting. the: usual cu~"tGrn, he refused to cEsrnount in hi::" presence _ T'hc alarmed empress asked for an explanation. Niange Hannll proudly replied that he was an emissary of the Son of IIeaven, coming from a superior court. and it was therefore the Glirkhan who should dislllount and neilr the commands or thc ILlrchen emperor.
Tf. Boyle, 357-8. JuwaynT describes a succession struggle between the two brothers 3 of the Gtirkhan, probably referring to a dispute between Zhilugu, who was Yilie's second son (LS, 30/358), and his elder brother (WF, 644). ynl, 2:90, tr. Boyle, 358. 60 61 under the leadership of the liana (the late empress's hushand) was accompanying Sultan Shah to Khwarazm, planning to install him instead of his brother Tekish. Tekish, however, managed to halt this army by using the old Khwarazmian method of opening the Oxus dikes, thereby flooding his enemy's way.