By Alasdair MacIntyre
A brief historical past of Ethics: A background of ethical Philosophy from the Homeric Age to the 20 th Century is a 1966 ebook at the background of ethical philosophy by way of the Scottish thinker Alasdair MacIntyre. it's the first of a sequence of books by way of MacIntyre at the historical past and improvement of ethics.
The ebook covers Greek ethics together with Plato and Aristotle, Christian ethical suggestion together with the paintings of Martin Luther and writers together with Niccolò Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Edmund Burke, Immanuel Kant, David Hume, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Karl Marx, Søren Kierkegaard, Arthur Schopenhauer and Friedrich Nietzsche. MacIntyre additionally discusses 20th century philosophers together with G. E. Moore, John Dewey and R. M. Hare.
According to a evaluate within the magazine of Philosophy, one in all MacIntyre's basic theses within the ebook is that "moral techniques switch as social existence changes" and for this reason philosophers who think there's one topic of moral inquiry are incorrect. A evaluation within the British magazine of academic stories describes the publication as a "stimulating, if hugely impressionistic, account of the heritage of ethics written from the viewpoint of his personal convictions concerning the country of ethical concepts".
In a overview for The Philosophical assessment, J. B. Schneewind describes the paintings as a "brilliant and provocative book" that's "not loads a background of ethics as an essay in regards to the heritage of ethics".
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Extra resources for A Short History of Ethics (Routledge Classics)
I told her that we’d all give her a hand if she had any problems but she’s got the tapes and books. NARRATOR: David’s shot was straight and true, about 40 yards from the green. DAVID: (to self ) Perfect shot! BORIS: Not bad. (to self ) We will be one of the few rural districts with a French program. That should keep the Board Chair happy and get more money for the district. (As he prepared his shot he said ) David, over the past few years the native population has increased a lot. I’m thinking that a native language course might be a good idea.
The prisoner Dudley offered a prayer asking forgiveness for them all if either of them should be tempted to commit a rash act, and that their souls might be saved. That Dudley, with the assent of Stephens, went to the boy, and telling him that his time was come, put a knife into his throat and killed him then and there; that the three men fed upon the body and blood of the boy for four days; that on the fourth day after the act had been committed the boat was picked up by a passing vessel, and the prisoners were rescued, still alive, but in the lowest state of prostration.
Morality is ambivalent and thus no ethical code can be created to fit that uncertainty; 2. Moral phenomena do not follow patterns to which one can apply preconceived codes or ethical values or ethical principles; 3. Moral choices are rarely either good or bad. Often it is the choice between the lesser of two evils; 4. When morality is viewed from a universal standpoint it precludes the individual listening to her or his moral impulse or moral urge thus favoring other’s agendas; 5. Morality is not a rational act; it precedes the act of thinking or calculating, or obeying.