By Prof. Dr. med. G. Boehm (auth.), Prof. G. Boehm, Ruth M. Leuschner PhD (eds.)
I Introduction.- Aerobiology — its previous and its future.- Philipp Herries Gregory, FRS, DSc (1907-1986).- II Airborne pollen and biometeorology.- 1. Lectures of basic importance.- Environmental affects on deposition of airborne particles.- effect of inversion layers at the day-by-day pollen count number and at the allergic assaults of sufferers in Basel (Switzerland).- impacts of toxins and climate on obstructive breathing tract illnesses of kids in Berlin (West).- comparability of contemporary and quarternary pollen data.- Biometeorology and its relation to pollen count.- Correlation among aerobiological and phytogeographical investigations within the Florence region (Italy).- 2. Airborne pollen in several countries.- Air sampling stories in a tropical zone. 4 yr results.- A research of airborne pollen grains of Alexandria (Egypt).- Air borne pollen kinds of allergenic importance in India.- Survey of atmospheric pollens in a number of provinces of Thailand.- III Allergology and airborne particles.- 1. Lectures of normal significance: prognosis and therapy.- Inhalative allergens.- courting of airborne pollen and spores to signs at the pores and skin and mucous membranes of sufferers within the excessive altitude weather in Davos (Switzerland).- studies with the «Individual Pollen Collector» constructed via G. Boehm.- Airborne pollens and indicators in allergic sufferers present process immunotherapy.- 2. unique allergens: Pollen.- tracking of atmospheric stipulations and forecast of Olive pollen season (Bari, Italy).- Pollen yield of 2 cvs. of Olea europaea L. («Manzanillo» and «Swan hill») (Tucson, Arizona).- Annual and day-by-day edition of pollen from Olea europea L. within the surroundings of Cordoba (Spain) alongside 12 months of sampling.- Chestnut pollen counts on the topic of sufferers pollinosis in Paris.- Pollen counts of ragweed and mugwort (Cour Collector) in 1984 measured at 12 meteorological facilities within the Rhone Bassin and surrounding areas (France).- Allergic reactivity to Parthenium hysterophorus pollen: An unrecognized kind I allergen.- three. various aeroallergens.- Aeroallergens in long island inner-city flats of asthmatics.- four. precise allergens: Fungus spores.- Indoor mould spore publicity: features of 127 houses in southern California with endogenous mould problems.- Intrinsic variability in airborne fungi: Implications for allergen standardization.- medical cross-reactions among a variety of moulds with unique connection with Fusarium.- medical value of airborne Alternaria tenuis-spores: Seasonal signs confident pores and skin and bronchial problem checks with Alternaria in topics with bronchial asthma and rhinitis.- prevalence of Alternaria Nees ex Fr. in indoor and outside habitats in Cordoba (Spain).- Concentrations of airborne Botrytis conidia, and frequency of allergic sensitization to Botrytis extract.- five. targeted allergens: Algae.- Microalgae as aeroplankton and allergens.- 6. exact allergens: bugs and mites.- Sensitizations opposed to Tribolium confusum Du Val in sufferers with occupational and nonoccupational exposure.- Gibbium psylloides («mite beetle») as an inhalative allergen.- Investigations of allergen-containing airborne dirt and dust samples from the internal of the house.- residence dirt mite in numerous altitudes of Orisons (Switzerland.- Guanine dosage in condominium dirt samples and quantification of mite allergens.- IV Air, our environment.- 1. Lectures of normal importance.- The quantitative value of asbestos fibres within the ambient air.- The indoor asbestos challenge: evidence and questions.- results of non permanent publicity to ambient nitrogen dioxide concentrations on human bronchial reactivity and lung function.- Mutagenic and carcinogenic results of airborne particulate topic from polluted components on human and rodent tissue cultures.- Modulation of pulmonary safety mechanisms by way of acute exposures to Nitrogen Dioxide.- Lysosome reaction and cytoskeleton alteration in cellphone cultures uncovered to airborne lead.- 2. open air air.- health and wellbeing dangers from respirable dusts produced throughout the operation of huge harvesters.- The impact of meteorological and pollution elements on acute illnesses of the airlines in teenagers as illustrated by means of the Biel sector (Switzerland).- Airborne crystals of anhydrous Calcium Sulphate — a brand new air pollutant.- Goniometrie airborne dirt and dust measurements in the course of a sea voyage from the northern to the southern hemisphere, alongside the Antarctic coast, and at a coast station in Antarctica.- three. Indoor air.- Inquiries acquired by way of the California indoor air caliber application on organic contaminants in buildings.- Microbial and mud pollutants in non-industrial paintings places.- Filters of an airconditioning install as disseminators of fungal spores.- The construction ailment syndrome: Comparative reports in air conditioned and traditional heated buildings.- Bioaerosols and workplace construction air flow system.- Radon and its decay items within the indoor surroundings: Radiation publicity and possibility estimation.- V Phytopathology.- Uniformity of airspora concentrations.- Ozone and acidic inputs into forests in Northwest USA.- results of acidic fog containing H2O2 at the sensitivity of agricultural plants to big fungal diseases.- unfold of Barley mould via wind and its importance for Phytopathology, Aerobiology and for Barley cultivation in Europe.- Falling behaviour of steriUzed and slept fruitefly and melonfly.- VI Microbiology.- Airborne unfold of microorganisms affecting animals.- development of mathematical versions for predicting the airborne unfold of foot-and-mouth disease.- fantastic particle aerosols in experimental Legionnaires’ disorder: Their function in an infection and treatment.- the dimensions distribution of whirlpool-generated droplets, their skill to comprise micro organism and their disposition strength within the human respiration tract.- Bacterial atmospheric infection in wastewater therapy plants.- Airborne Gram detrimental micro organism linked to the dealing with of family waste.- VII equipment in aerobiology.- detailed purposes of the Burkard-Sampler for accumulating airborne pollen and spores I. Semi-quantitative non-stop decision of dust-particles, soot, flue ash and so on. that may turn on ailments of the respiration tract.- targeted purposes of the Burkard-Sampler for accumulating airborne pollen and sporesII. list of radioactive dirt (after Chernobyl) within the air of Basel (Switzerland).- potency of a brand new sampler in sampling Betula pollen for antigen analyses.- assortment potency of 2 samplers for microbiological aerosols.- Microorganisme as organic symptoms of air pollution.- Statistical correlation of deposition info on eight air pollution to lichen information in a small city in Switzerland.- equipment for every year comparisons of aeropalynological data.- airplane sampling of the higher airspora.- the way to lessen allergic results: removing of allergens (pollen, mites, indoor dirt, micro organism, gases etc.) from indoor air.
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Additional resources for Advances in Aerobiology: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Aerobiology, August 6–9, 1986, Basel, Switzerland
3). The median value of PR on days with first stage of smog alert was 223% and therefore exceeded the one registered for epochs of high pollution for about 74%. This indicates an immediate influence of air pollution on the ORTD. o -9 0 0 9 ~ t[dJ Fig. 2 Patients Rate Median of the ORTD in Relation to Daily 50 2 Concentration The daily median 502 values coming up to 400 Ilg/m3 for 75% 5AH of NK - thus exceeding the MIK-value (= maximum concentration of air pollution; VDI-Richtlinien) - correspond to the remarkable PR increase on the very day of load (+85% with regard to the average of the first four classes) and on the third day after the main 50 2 concentration (+71%; Fig.
Grains, on if influence In particular, under a convective condition, it's insufficient falling into the standard calculation of not always give an accurate estimation of the height Moreover, from between a greater variation in the mixing height in time and the mixing height and finally, does (6)(7)(8),but to suppose that the particles are out (peak of concentration) only by Recently the a prevented convective mechanism of "convective levitation" been proposed (11) as an important process for keeping has particles aloft.
Conclusion From the correlation between aerobiological and phyto- 45 geographical data has come out that: a)the principal allergological taxa observed in the area are well represented in our pollen calendar; b)our pollen calendar does not include taxa which are absent in the area investigated,20 km in radius; c)the observations in the area on the presence,number and flowering of the different species under study are particularly useful in relation to those families in which it is not easy to distinguish,at optical microscopy,the different genera and/or species; d)these data will be useful in the selection of a panel of allergens for testing in our area.