By Niloo M. Edwards
Stories the easiest cures and surgical concepts on hand to supply caliber deal with the aged cardiac sufferer and of these parts that require additional learn. The authors aspect preventive treatments and the cardiovascular syndromes that disproportionately afflict the older person, together with arrhythmias (particularly atrial fibrillation), syncope, middle failure (particularly diastolic middle failure), and ischemic center sickness. additionally they delineate the surgical administration of the center sufferer with discussions of postoperative administration and its issues and of particular surgeries corresponding to coronary artery skip grafting, valve surgical procedure, pacemaker and defibibrillators, and surgical administration of middle failure.
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Additional info for Aging, Heart Disease, and Its Management: Facts and Controversies (Contemporary Cardiology)
Health care decision making can take place at very high levels of abstraction or on a more individualized level. At the broadest level is the question of the most appropriate use of finite resources. It has become increasingly popular to carry out cost-effectiveness analysis in economic evaluations of health care. In cost-effectiveness analysis, costs are measured in monetary units, and health effects in non-monetary units such as life-years or the QALYs gained. The rationale for cost-effectiveness analysis is to maximize the effectiveness subject to a budget constraint.
In the elderly, body fat tends to accumulate in the abdomen, a major consequence of which is a disturbance in both glucose and lipid metabolism (14). With the concomitant decrease in energy requirements, there is a decrease in energy intake and a resultant decline in the intake of essential nutrients as well (15). When energy intake exceeds individual energy needs, fat accumulates in the body (14,15). INTAKE The elderly generally consume less and choose different foods than younger patients. Older adults tend to consume less calorie-dense sweets and fast-food and consume more calorie-dilute grains, vegetables, and fruits.
Science and technology do nothing to resolve the conflict of who pays. This conflict overshadows the entire sequence of preventive activities, from screening and risk assessment to the choice between lifestyle changes and medication, straight through to the prevention of recurrence. Although cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are problems that are predominantly associated with old age, national and international guidelines for the management of hypertension have only recently begun to include guidance that is specifically directed at the elderly or “very old” segment of the hypertensive population.