By Mark Rowlands
During this 2d version, the writer has considerably revised his publication all through, updating the ethical arguments and including a bankruptcy on animal minds. Importantly, instead of being a polemic on animal rights, this booklet can be a thought of and resourceful evaluate of ethical conception as explored throughout the factor of animal rights.
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Additional info for Animal Rights: Moral Theory and Practice
There are no morally relevant differences between humans and non-human animals. C. Therefore, non-human animals also possess a substantial set of moral entitlements including, fundamentally, the entitlement to equal consideration and respect. Defenders of the idea of animal liberation often point out the conceptual connections between this idea and the claims of certain oppressed groups, arguing that just as the treatment of one group by another can be, and often is, racist or sexist in character, so too the treatment of non-humans by humans is typically speciesist in nature.
And it is because the argument for animal liberation is an instance of this more general form that the comparison with arguments against racism and sexism is both legitimate and logically compelling. If there is a difference between the cases against racism and sexism on the one hand, and the case against speciesism on the other, it is not in virtue of the logical form of the arguments these cases instantiate. The logical form is, in each case, identical. There may, of course, be other reasons for thinking that the case against speciesism is disanalogous to the cases against racism and sexism.
The teleological interpretation makes maximization of utility constitutive of justice. The egalitarian interpretation, on the other hand, begins with a prior conception of justice (all people should be treated with equal consideration and respect) and interprets this conception as the requirement that utility should be maximized. What is crucial to the egalitarian conception is that the requirement to maximize utility is derived entirely from the prior requirement to treat people with equal consideration.